I have been dealing with migraines since 2010. A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain that usually is on one side of the head. Migraines can cause disabling pain that can last anywhere from hours to days. My migraines are always on the right side of my head. They usually last anywhere from a half to three days. I usually experience symptoms such as, sensitivity to lights and sounds, nausea, and tingling in my head.
There are four stages of a migraine. You may not experience all four stages.
1. Pro-drome: this happens one or two days before a migraine. Symptoms include:
b. Mood changes
c. Frequent yawning
d. Food cravings
e. Neck stiffness
f. Increased thirst
2. Aura: Aura are symptoms of the nervous system. They are visual disturbances such as flashing lights. Most people have migraines without auras. I have migraines where I have auras and sometimes I don’t. auras can last from 20 to 60 minutes. Some different auras include:
a. Visual changes
b. Vision loss
c. Pins and needles feelings
d. Difficulty speaking
e. Hearing noises or music
f. Limb weakness
3. The attack: without treating your migraine it can last anywhere from 4 hours to 3 days. It all varies by person as do the symptoms and how often they can occur.
4. Post-drome: this is post migraine. You may feel drained even for 24 hours after the pain of the migraine goes away. You can still experience symptoms of:
e. Sensitivity to light and sound
I have been on many different migraine medications over the years with not much relief. I was still having more than 15 headaches or migraine days a month. My neurologist had talked to me many times about trying Botox. I recently had my first set of injections. She said it usually takes until after the second set to notice a major change and she was right. I am still having regular migraines. I am hopeful that this treatment will work and I can get off at least one or two of my current medications.
I was also diagnosed with occipital neuralgia. This is a common cause for headaches. Most don’t know what occipital neuralgia is, I sure didn’t. it is the two pairs of occipital neuralgia that lay near the second and third vertebrae of the neck. It causes pain at the base of the skull, and behind the eyes which spreads to the front and side of the head.
There are many symptoms and some mimic migraine symptoms so it can difficult to diagnose. It may even be diagnosed as migraines or cluster headaches. I was diagnosed with both before discovering it was occipital neuralgia. Some of the symptoms include:
• Aching pain at the base of neck
• Pain behind your eyes
• Pain usually only on one side
• Tender scalp
• Neck movements can increase the pain
Like mentioned earlier, my migraines the pain is on my right side. Begins at the base of my neck, side of my head and behind my right eye. My eye will also become blurry at times. I mentioned this condition to my neurologist and she agreed to do some testing to see if that was the issue.
So what causes occipital neuralgia? That depends on whether it is a primary or secondary headache. Secondary headaches have a underlining disease that may include:
• Systematic disease
There are so many causes for the neck tension caused by occipital neuralgia such as:
• Osteoarthritis in cervical spine
• Degenerative cervical spine changes
• Cervical disc disease
• Blood vessel inflammation
There are different treatment plans because everyone is different and requires different treatments. Some of those treatments include:
• Physical therapy
• Nerve block
• Heat and rest
Surgery may even be necessary if the pain is not controlled with any other treatment. The surgery options include microvascular decompression or occipital nerve stimulation. If you consider surgery you should weigh all your options. Decide what is going to be best for you and your health.
This has been a long journey for me to get the relief that I need and want. I am beyond ready to no longer have the constant neck pain and headaches and migraines all the time. I am hoping we are able to find the right treatment program to provide the relief I need.